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 统计学数据显示,肝癌已经成为世界上致死的重要原因之一,且其发病率与死亡率还在逐年上升。因此,对肝癌的控制迫在眉睫。控制肝癌的方式多种多样,其中传统治疗赢得了良好的效果,如手术、放疗和化疗。但是,接受传统治疗的患者不仅要经历身体上的痛苦,而且还要经受精神上的折磨。众多研究发现,中药联合传统治疗时,能充分发挥其治疗效果,减少副作用和并发症。因此,充分了解中药有助于医生及医护人员对患者实施最佳的治疗。研究还证实,中药能控制肿瘤的恶化,增强免疫系统功能,提高化疗或放疗的灵敏度。本文总结了中药在不同病情和不同剂量下治疗肝癌的应用价值。鉴于中药的优点和缺陷,在使用中药治疗肝癌的过程中,要充分了解中药的药性,并且要意识到中西药结合的重要性,这样才能更好地控制病情的发展进程。

 

 Application and Perspectives of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of Liver Cancer

Xia Mao, Yanqiong Zhang, Na Lin

Liver cancer is one of the most fatal cancers worldwide, the management of which demands a multidisciplinary approach. Conventional therapies such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have gained reasonable success. However, most of these patients experience a severe torment, both mentally and physically. Numerous studies have indicated that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), when used in conjunction with conventional allopathic therapies, can enhance their efficacy and diminish the resulting side effects and complications. Therefore, a deeper understanding of TCM is of immense help to physicians and other health care providers in providing a better care to patients. TCM is proven to be efficacious in terms of suppressing tumor progression, improving immune system function, and increasing the sensitivity to chemo? and radio?therapies. Although TCM can be delivered in various dosage forms, pills, decoctions, and injections are the three most commonly used forms in treating liver cancer. While these traditional dosage forms limits the usage of herbal medicines to their full potential novel TCM delivery forms such as nanoparticles can enhance the bioavailability, reduce any associated side effect, achieve targeted delivery, and improve the acceptance of TCM by patients. This review summarizes the current application of TCM in different prescriptions and dosage forms in the treatment of liver cancer, along with their advantages and disadvantages, all of which is believed to contribute to better understanding of Chinese herbal medicines as an essential part in the treatment of liver cancer and the importance of this trend to combine TCM and western medicine in novel dosage forms for a better management of the condition.

 

Key words: Liver cancers, therapy, traditional Chinese medicine

 

DOI:10.4103/2395-3977.159538

(From Cancer Translational Medicine)

 

原文链接:http://www.cancertm.com/article.asp?issn=2395-3977;year=2015;volume=1;issue=3;spage=101;epage=107;aulast=Mao